Remembrance

Canadian Armed Forces

Afghanistan

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The chain of events that would bring Canadian soldiers into the desolate and dangerous terrain of Afghanistan began on September 11, 2001.

Cambodia

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More than a thousand Canadians served in Cambodia to help stabilize and rebuild the country during four peace support missions spread over the years 1954 to 2000.

Congo

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Welcome to the world of peace support operations in the Congo, where more than 2,500 Canadians have served to try to help stabilize and rebuild the country during the course of several military missions from 1960 to today.

Cyprus

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The Canadian mission to Cyprus lasted 29 years, making it one of the longest overseas commitments in which Canada has ever participated.

East Timor

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Canadian personnel were in East Timor from 1999 to2001, first serving with a United Nations (UN)-sanctioned multinational peace-enforcement mission and then in a subsequent UN-administered effort to help restore peace and security in the troubled country.

Egypt

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Canadian Forces members took part in the United Nations (UN) peace missions in the Gaza strip and the Sinai peninsula of Egypt between 1956 and 1967, and again from 1973 to 1979. Since 1986, Canadians have also participated in the Multinational Force and Observers (MFO) peace mission in Egypt.

Ethiopia and Eritrea

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Canadian Forces members served in Ethiopia and Eritrea from 2000 to 2003, taking part in the United Nations(UN) peace mission there.

Faces of Peace

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The mission of the Canadian Forces members is to defend our country, its interests and its values, while contributing to international peace and security. They serve in many capacities at home and throughout the world carrying on Canada’s proud military tradition.

Golan Heights

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The Canadian presence in the uplands between Syria and Israel is one of the longest-running international commitments ever undertaken by Canada. More than 12,000 Canadians have served there since the UN peace mission began in 1974.

Gulf War

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The Gulf War of the early 1990s was a struggle that is well-known to many Canadians.

Haiti

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Canadians served in peace efforts in Haiti in themid-1990s and returned again in 2004 in an attempt to bring stability to a country battered by strife and upheaval.

Post-War Years

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Every day Canadian Forces members put their lives on the line to serve our country. Canada has become well known for its commitment to international peace support operations. This is only one of many duties Veterans have fulfilled over the years during their military careers. These brave men and women have also served in many other important and challenging roles in the post-war era.

Rwanda

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The UN undertook peace missions to Rwanda from 1993 to 1996, the largest being the United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda (UNAMIR) in which Canada played a leading role.

Somalia

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Canadian Forces members served in Somalia from1992 to 1995. They took part in United Nations(UN) peace missions and a United States-led multinational peace support operation.

The Balkans

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When Canadians think about Canadian Forces personnel serving in overseas peace efforts, one of the first places they probably think about is the Balkan peninsula of southeast Europe.

General

A Day of Remembrance

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Generations of Canadians have served our country and the world during times of war, military conflict and peace.

Aboriginal Veterans

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Aboriginal Canadians have demonstrated time and again their great service and sacrifice for our country through their participation in Canada’s military, particularly during times of conflict.

Canada's Nursing Sisters

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Generations of Canadians have served our country and the world during times of war, military conflict and peace. Through their courage and sacrifice, these men and women have helped to ensure that we live in freedom and peace, while also fostering freedom and peace around the world.

Canadian War Memorials in France

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Learn about the role Canada played in the major conflicts of the 20th century.

Candlelight Tribute Ceremony

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Candlelight ceremonies began in the Netherlands to show thanks and to honour those who liberated the country and its people from German occupation during the Second World War.

Guide to Holding Commemorative Services

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Guide to Holding Commemorative Services

Native Soldiers – Foreign Battlefields

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News of the war did not easily reach some Canadian Native communities. Reserves in the Yukon and Northwest Territories and in northern sections of the provinces had fewer transportation and communication links with the rest of Canada.

South African War

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Canada’s contributions in the South African War came at a cost. Approximately 280 Canadians lost their lives (most due to injury or illness brought on by the harsh conditions) and more than 250 were wounded.

Veterans Cemetery, God's Acre

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Veterans Cemetery in Esquimalt, British Columbia, has been an honoured final resting place for those who served at sea since 1868. Over the years, the cemetery was opened to anyone who served in Canada’s military.

Ways to Remember

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Attending Remembrance Day ceremonies on November 11 is the best-known way that we can publicly honour the men and women who served Canada in times of war, military conflict and peace.

Women in the Canadian Military

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Canadian women have played an important role in our country’s military efforts over the years, overcoming many barriers to serve in uniform as nurses and in an expanding variety of other roles.

Women on The Home Front

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Canadian women made important contributions on the home front during the war years. They supported our country’s war efforts not only in traditional roles, but also in unprecedented new ways.

First World War

The Battle of Passchendaele

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A name from Canada’s First World War military heritage that still stirs emotions is “Passchendaele.” In a muddy corner of Belgium, Canadians overcame almost unimaginable hardships to capture this ruined village in 1917.

The Battle of Vimy Ridge

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The decades since the Battle of Vimy Ridge have slipped by, but the legacy of the Canadians who accomplished so much in that pivotal First World War battle lives on. Many say that Canada came of age as a country on those hard April days 90 years ago.

The Last Hundred Days

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Learn about the role Canada played in the major conflicts of the 20th century

The Newfoundland Regiment and the Battle of Beaumont-Hamel

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Many Canadians know July 1st as Canada Day. However, in Newfoundland and Labrador, the day has an additional and more solemn meaning. There, the day is also known as Memorial Day and marks the anniversary of the fighting at Beaumont-Hamel during the First World War.

The Newfoundland Regiment at Gallipoli

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When Britain entered the First World War on August 4, 1914, Newfoundland—which was then a British dominion—was suddenly at war, too.

Vimy Ridge

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The Vimy Ridge National Historic Site of Canada is a tribute to all Canadians who risked or gave their lives for freedom and peace in the First World War.

Korean War

Hill 355

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More than 26,000 Canadians served in the cause of peace and freedom during the Korean War. One of the places that Canadian soldiers would see the most action was in the area around Hill 355, where they defended the front lines and pushed back heavy enemy assaults.

Korean War

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The Korean War marked a new stage in Canada’s development as a nation. Since the end of the war, Canada has contributed to peacekeeping operations around the world in an effort to promote international freedom and maintain world peace.

The Battle of Kapyong

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The Korean War took place in the Far East from 1950 to 1953 and more than 26,000 Canadians served in the cause of peace and freedom in this struggle. Some of the heaviest fighting our soldiers experienced in the war took place during the Battle of Kapyong in April 1951.

Second World War

Aboriginal Canadians in the Second World War

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Aboriginal peoples from every region of Canada served in the armed forces during the Second World War, fighting in every major battle and campaign of the conflict. To serve their country in the armed forces, Aboriginal Canadians had to overcome unique cultural challenges.

Back to Civvy Street: Post-War Veteran Re-Establishment

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More than a million Canadians served in the armed forces during the Second World War. The Department of Veterans Affairs was created in 1944 to handle the important matter of helping the large number of veterans who had to make the transition from fighting a war to becoming productive members of a country finally at peace.

Battle of the Atlantic

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From the very outset of hostilities in the Second World War in 1939, the Atlantic supply route from North America to the United Kingdom was threatened.

Battle of the Atlantic - Fact Sheet

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The Battle of the Atlantic was the longest running battle of the Second World War and one that represents the outstanding contribution of Canadians to the war effort.

Battle of the Gulf of St. Lawrence

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The Battle of the Gulf of St. Lawrence, which saw German U-boats penetrate the Cabot Strait and the Strait of Belle Isle to sink 23 ships between 1942 and 1944, marked the only time since the War of 1812 that enemy warships inflicted death within Canada’s inland waters.

Battle of the Scheldt

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The Battle of the Scheldt was a military operation in northern Belgium and southwestern Netherlands that took place during the Second World War.

British Commonwealth Air Training Plan

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One of the first and most important contributions our country would make to the war effort would be the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan (BCATP). Under a deal signed in 1939, Canada agreed to provide facilities and training for airmen from every part of the Commonwealth.

Burma Campaign

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The Second World War was a worldwide conflict and Canadians served around the globe. One of the lesser known areas where Canadians made a contribution was in the Asian countries of India and Burma.

Canada's Industries Gear Up for War

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During the Second World War, Canadian industries manufactured war materials and other supplies for Canada, the United States, Britain and other Allied countries.

Canadian Production of War Materials

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With the onset of the war, Canada was faced with the challenge of creating - practically from scratch - a strong industrial base to produce weapons and war materials for the war effort.

Canadian Youth Growing up in Wartime

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Canada’s children and teenagers played an important role in Canada’s war effort. They filled many of the gaps left by male family members and other able-bodied men in Canadian society who left to join the armed forces and also provided other sorts of valuable support to those overseas.

Canadians in Belgium

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During the Second World War, Belgium was the scene of major fighting by the First Canadian Army from September to November 1944.

Canadians in South East Asia

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In the Second World War, Canadian soldiers first engaged in battle while defending the British Crown Colony of Hong Kong against a Japanese attack in December, 1941.

Chronology of the Second World War

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Canada officially entered the Second World War on September 10, 1939, and continued at war for nearly six years.

Civilian Support to the Armed Forces

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Canadians contributed in many ways to our country’s great efforts in the Second World War. Not everyone who put their lives on the line to serve Canada and the world did so in a military uniform.

Defence of Hong Kong

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Canadian soldiers went to help form a defence force in Hong Kong in 1941, just in time for the outbreak of war in the Pacific.

Dieppe Raid

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The Dieppe Raid during the Second World War was one of the darkest chapters in Canada’s military history. It did, however, help lead to important lessons being learned.

Italian Campaign

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The Italian Campaign was an important military effort for Canada during the war. More than 93,000 Canadians, along with their allies from Great Britain, France and the United States, played a vital role.

Liberation of Belgium

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Canada played an important role in the liberation of Belgium during the Second World War. Our soldiers, sailors and airmen helped defeat the Germans and restore peace to the country after more than four years of occupation.

Liberation of the Netherlands

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The events of the past have a direct impact on the world we know today. The warm relationship that exists between Canada and the Netherlands can be traced back to difficult days at the end of the Second World War when Canada played a key role in liberating the people of the Netherlands.

Merchant Navy

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Most of those who served in the Merchant Navy would find themselves as participants in the Battle of the Atlantic, the struggle between the Allies and the Germans for control of the Atlantic Ocean.

Murmansk Run

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Canadians served in many areas around the globe during the Second World War. One of the lesser known places was on the Murmansk Run. This dangerous convoy route saw Canadian Merchant Navy and Royal Canadian Navy seamen sail into the Arctic Ocean to deliver war materials to the Soviet Union.

Prisoners of War in the Second World War

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Approximately 9,000 Canadian soldiers, airmen, naval sailors and merchant seamen were captured by the enemy and held as prisoners of war (POWs) during the Second World War.

Science and Technology in the Second World War

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The Second World War was a conflict that saw a great deal of scientific and technical innovation.

Second World War Victoria Cross Recipients

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The Victoria Cross is the highest award for military valor that can be earned by a Canadian.

Valour at Sea - Canada's Merchant Navy

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Generations of Canadians have served our country and the world during times of war, military conflict and peace. Through their courage and sacrifice, these men and women have helped to ensure that we live in freedom and peace, while also fostering freedom and peace around the world.

Women at War

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Canadian women enthusiastically embraced their new roles and responsibilities and helped contribute to the success of Canada’s ‘Victory Campaign’.

Veterans’ Week Learning Resources

Canada Remembers Times – 2006

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Canada Remembers Times – 2006

Canada Remembers Times – 2007

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Canada Remembers Times – 2007

Canada Remembers Times – 2008

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Canada Remembers Times – 2008

Canada Remembers Times – 2009

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Canada Remembers Times – 2009

Canada Remembers Times – 2010

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Canada Remembers Times – 2010

Canada Remembers Times – 2011

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Canada Remembers Times – 2011

Canada Remembers Times – 2012

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Canada Remembers Times – 2012

Canada Remembers Times – 2013

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Canada Remembers Times – 2013

Canada Remembers Times – 2014

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Canada Remembers Times – 2014

Take Time to Remember - 2012

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Take Time to Remember - 2012

Tales of Animals in War – 2006

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Tales of Animals in War – 2006

Tales of Animals in War – 2007

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Tales of Animals in War – 2007

Tales of Animals in War – 2008

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Tales of Animals in War – 2008

Tales of Animals in War – 2009

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Tales of Animals in War – 2009

Tales of Animals in War – 2010

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Tales of Animals in War – 2010

Tales of Animals in War – 2011

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Tales of Animals in War – 2011

Tales of Animals in War – 2012

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Tales of Animals in War – 2012

Veterans’ Week Teacher’s Guide

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Veterans’ Week Teacher’s Guide

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