Glossary

Several terms or concepts are used in Tales of Animals in War that young students might not be familiar with. You can use this glossary to explain what these words mean or you could use it as a pre-reading activity. Students could use it as the basis of their own illustrated 'glossary'.

Achievement
- something successfully carried through, especially through bold or brave action.
Army regiments
- a troop of infantry (soldiers) consisting of at least two battalions (army groups).
Artillery guns
– large guns like cannons that are frequently used in war.
Belgium
– a European country on the North Sea, bordered by the Netherlands, Luxembourg, Germany and France. Many Canadians served in Belgium at the Battle of Passchendaele during the First World War.
Buried mines
– explosive military weapons hidden in the ground.
Canadian Armed Forces
– Canada’s military including those who serve on land in the Canadian Army, on sea in the Royal Canadian Navy and in the air in the Royal Canadian Air Force.
Canadian War Museum
– located in our national capital of Ottawa, this is a national museum of military history and a living memorial to those men and women who have served in our country’s armed forces.
Dieppe Raid
– launched on August 19, 1942, the Dieppe Raid on the coast of France was the bloodiest single day for Canada’s military in the entire Second World War. Sadly, a total of 916 Canadians lost their lives.
English Channel
– part of the Atlantic Ocean between the countries of France and England, opening to the North Sea through the Strait of Dover.
Gas attack
– a military attack in which a chemical gas is used as a weapon to injure or kill the enemy. It was a common tactic during the First World War.
Mascot
– animal which is kept by a military unit for ceremonial purposes, to be a comfort to humans, or to serve as a good luck charm.
Northern Lights
– an outdoor sound and light show Northern Lights at the Parliament Building in Ottawa named after the real northern lights. Northern lights are a natural phenomenon that see unbelievable colours move across the arctic sky in at night time. It is like a ballet of green, pink and purple lights.
Parliament Buildings
– three buildings in downtown Ottawa where the Government of Canada meets to discuss and make decisions about our country.
Passchendaele
– a village in Belgium and the scene of heavy fighting in the mud during the First World War, Battle of Passchendaele during the summer and fall of 1917.
Regiment emblem
– Canadian soldiers wore caps that had different badges to identify their units in the First World War. The badges often had animal symbols—porcupines, beavers, horses, eagles, fish, moose . . . even mythical animals like unicorns and dragons.
Sesquicentennial
– a 150th anniversary or its celebration.
Tunnels
– underground passageways that soldiers dug for protection and to keep out of sight of the enemy, especially during the First World War.
Valour
– boldness in facing danger; courage; bravery.
Vimy Ridge
– the site of a great Canadian First World War battlefield victory in France in April 1917, and home of the majestic Canadian National Vimy Memorial.
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