British War Medal
This First World War medal was authorized on 26 July 1919. It was possible to receive this medal alone but all gallantry medals would receive the British War Medal (BWM) and the Victory Medal (VM) as well.
Eligibility and Criteria
The medal was awarded to all ranks of Canadian overseas military forces who came from Canada between 5 August 1914 and 11 November 1918, or who had served in a theatre of war. Those who had enlisted in the Overseas Military Forces of Canada (OMFC) in the United Kingdom and had not served in a theatre of war were not entitled to this medal.
The requirements for Royal Air Force (RAF) personnel were the same as for the Army. Naval personnel were required to have 28 days of mobilized service or to have lost their lives before this period of service was complete. Seamen of the Canadian Merchant Marine who served at sea not less than six months, and crews of Dominion Government Ships and the Canadian Mercantile Marine were also eligible.
A circular, silver medal, 1.42 inches in diameter. The medal awarded to Chinese, Maltese and Native Labour Corps was bronze. For mounting, there is a plain, straight, non-swiveling suspender with a single-toe claw.
The obverse shows the King George V, bareheaded coinage effigy, facing left, with the legend: GEORGIVS V BRITT : OMN : REX ET IND : IMP :
On the reverse, there is a horseman, St. George, armed with a short sword (an allegory of the physical and mental strength which achieves victory over Prussianism). The horse tramples on the Prussian shield and the skull and cross-bones. Off-centre, near the right upper rim, is the sun of Victory. The dates 1914 and 1918 appear in the left and right fields respectively.
The watered ribbon is 1.25 inches wide, and consists of seven stripes: blue, black, white, orange centre, white, black, and blue.
- There were 427,993 issued to Canadians in the Canadian Expeditionary Force (CEF) and 6,500,000 in total.
- The recipient's name, number and rank are engraved on the rim for the first issue.
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