Canadian Virtual War Memorial

Hugh McDonald McKenzie

In memory of
Lieutenant
Hugh McDonald McKenzie
October 30, 1917

Military Service:

Service Number:
1158
Age:
31
Force:
Army
Unit:
Canadian Machine Gun Corps
Division:
7th
Citation(s):
An extract from The London Gazette," No. 30523, dated February 12, 1918, records the following:
For most conspicuous bravery and leading when in charge of a section of four machine guns accompanying the infantry in an attack. Seeing that all the officers and most of the non-commissioned officers of an infantry company had become casualties, and that the men were hesitating before a nest of enemy machine guns, which were on commanding ground and causing them severe casualties, he handed over command of his guns to an N.C.O., rallied the infantry, organised an attack, and captured the strong point. Finding that the position was swept by machine-gun fire from a ' pill-box ' which dominated all the ground over which the troops were advancing, Lt. McKenzie made a reconnaissance and detailed flanking and frontal attacking parties which captured the 'pill-box', he himself being killed while leading the frontal attack. By his valour and leadership this gallant officer ensured the capture of these strong points and so saved the lives of many men and enabled the objectives to be attained.
Honours and Awards:
Victoria Cross
Distinguished Conduct Medal

Additional Information:

Born:
December 5, 1885 Inverness, Scotland
Enlistment:
August 21, 1914 Ottawa, Ontario

Son of Mrs. Jane McDonald McKenzie, of Dundee, Scotland.

Husband of M. McKenzie of Verdun, Quebec.

Commemorated on Page 284 of the First World War Book of Remembrance. Request a copy of this page.

Hugh McDonald McKenzie is a recipient of the Victoria Cross.
Complete list of Canadian Victoria Cross Recipients

Burial Information:

Cemetery:
MENIN GATE (YPRES) MEMORIAL , Belgium
Grave Reference:
Panel 32
Location:

The Menin Gate Memorial is situated at the eastern side of the town of Ypres (now Ieper) in the Province of West Flanders, on the road to Menin and Courtrai. It bears the names of 55,000 men who were lost without trace during the defence of the Ypres Salient in the First World War. Designed by Sir Reginald Blomfield and erected by the Imperial (now Commonwealth) War Graves Commission, it consists of a Hall of Memory", 36.6 metres long by 20.1 metres wide. In the centre are broad staircases leading to the ramparts which overlook the moat, and to pillared loggias which run the whole length of the structure. On the inner walls of the Hall, on the side of the staircases and on the walls of the loggias, panels of Portland stone bear the names of the dead, inscribed by regiment and corps. Carved in stone above the central arch are the words:


TO THE ARMIES OF THE BRITISH EMPIRE WHO STOOD HERE FROM 1914 TO 1918 AND TO THOSE OF THEIR DEAD WHO HAVE NO KNOWN GRAVE.

Over the two staircases leading from the main Hall is the inscription:

HERE ARE RECORDED NAMES OF OFFICERS AND MEN WHO FELL IN YPRES SALIENT BUT TO WHOM THE FORTUNE OF WAR DENIED THE KNOWN AND HONOURED BURIAL GIVEN TO THEIR COMRADES IN DEATH.

The dead are remembered to this day in a simple ceremony that takes place every evening at 8:00 p.m. All traffic through the gateway in either direction is halted, and two buglers (on special occasions four) move to the centre of the Hall and sound the Last Post. Two silver trumpets for use in the ceremony are a gift to the Ypres Last Post Committee by an officer of the Royal Canadian Artillery, who served with the 10th Battery, of St. Catharines, Ontario, in Ypres in April 1915."

Information courtesy of the Commonwealth War Graves Commission.

Digital Collection

Send us your images
  • Photo of Hugh McDonald McKenzie
  • Inscription – Inscription on the Menin Gate … photo courtesy of Marg Liessens
  • Memorial – Menin Gate … photo courtesy of Marg Liessens
  • Memorial – Barrie Military Park, Canadian Victoria Cross Recipients, Cenotaph
  • Attestation Paper (front)
  • Attestation Paper (back)
  • War Diary – Extract from 7th Machine-Gun Company War Diary for October 1917 (page 1)
  • War Diary – Extract from 7th Machine-Gun Company War Diary for October 1917 (page 2)
  • Photograph – Lieut. H. McKenzie, V.C.
  • Award Citation – Personal Information Sheet
  • Telegraph
  • Service Records (front) – Casualty Form - Active Service
  • Service Records (back) – Casualty Form - Active Service
  • Inscription – Menin Gate Memorial

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