Canadian Virtual War Memorial

Paul Hartley Raney

In memory of
Second Lieutenant
Paul Hartley Raney
August 21, 1917

Military Service:

Age:
24
Force:
Air Force
Unit:
Royal Flying Corps
Division:
66th Sqdn.

Additional Information:

Son of William Edgar and Jessie Amelia Raney, of Toronto, Canada. Graduate in Engineering at the University of Toronto.

Commemorated on Page 580 of the First World War Book of Remembrance. Request a copy of this page.

Burial Information:

Cemetery:
ARRAS MEMORIAL ; Pas de Calais, France
Grave Reference:
N/A
Location:
The ARRAS MEMORIAL is in the Faubourg-d'Amiens Cemetery, which is in the Boulevard du General de Gaulle in the western part of the town of Arras, near the Citadel and approximately 2 kilometres due west of the railway station. The ARRAS MEMORIAL commemorates over 35,000 casualties of the British, New Zealand and South African Forces who died between Spring 1916 and 7 August 1918, excluding casualties of the Battle of Cambrai in 1917, and who have no known grave. The design, by Sir Edward Lutyens, consists of a cloister built upon Doric columns and faces west. In the broader part of the site the colonnade returns to form a recessed and open court, terminated by an apse in front of which is the memorial to the Flying Services. The names of the casualties are carved on stone panels which are fixed to the Flying Services Memorial or to the cloister walls. The British Air Services originated in the use of balloons for purposes of reconnaissance. The balloon gave way to power-driven air machines and in 1911 an Air Battalion of the Royal Engineers was formed. In 1912 the Air Battalion was absorbed into the Royal Flying Corps which consisted of a Naval Wing and a Military Wing and a Central Flying School. These two wings developed during the course of the war, both sections expanding greatly until they combined and the Royal Air Force came into being on the 1 April 1918. The Flying Services Memorial commemorates over 1,000 men of the Royal Naval Air Service, the Royal Flying Corps and the Royal Air Force, who have no known grave.

Information courtesy of the Commonwealth War Graves Commission.

Digital Collection

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  • Newspaper Clipping – This photo of Second Lieutenant Paul Raney (right) and his friend Lt. Pat Alva O'Brien appeared in "Outwitting the Hun" (1918). This book detailing O'Brien's wartime experiences was a top ten bestseller in 1918. O'Brien was an American who joined the American Flying Corps in early 1916, but after 8 months training in San Diego, resigned and joined the RFC in Victoria, B.C. to have a chance to get into the war. He was sent to Camp Borden (Ontario), and in May 1917 left for England. On August 17, 1917, he was shot down during an air fight and taken as a POW to hospital. On August 21st, he witnessed an air fight outside the hospital. According to O'Brien's recollections, in a fight that involved 16 German planes against 4 English, 2 planes from each side were shot down. Raney was killed. This photo was found on Raney's body and given to O'Brien by the Germans. O'Brien escaped from Courtnai prison in Belgium and wrote that he later visited Raney's parents in Toronto to bring them a map of his grave site. He preserved this map through a difficult escape which included swimming through canals, but it appears that Raney does not have a marked grave today.
  • Newspaper Clipping 2
  • Newspaper Clipping 3
  • Newspaper Clipping 4
  • Roll of Service – From the "University of Toronto / Roll of Service 1914-1918", published in 1921.
  • Plaque – 1914-1918 Memorial tablet, Bloor Street Presbyterian Church, 300 Bloor St. 
West, Toronto, Ontario.  This congregation was established in 1887, and in 
1925 became the Bloor Street United Church.  The tablet was unveiled on May 
16th, 1920.  It was inscribed:  "In memory of the men of Bloor Street 
Presbyterian Church who went out to battle and died for Freedom's cause.   
They feared not Death and meeting it they won the Victor's Crown."
  • Photo of Paul Raney – From: The Varsity Magazine Supplement Fourth Edition 1918
published by The Students Administrative Council, University of Toronto.  
Submitted for the Soldiers' Tower Committee, University of Toronto, by Operation Picture Me.

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