The Battle of Amiens - Backgrounder

On August 8, 1918, Allied forces on the Western Front launched a major offensive against the German lines near the town of Amiens, France, following a series of ultimately unsuccessful German attacks in the spring of 1918.

A pivotal offensive, the Battle of Amiens marked the beginning of Canada's Hundred Days and the last chapter of the First World War.

Prior to Amiens the Canadian Corps had success in battles at places like Vimy Ridge and Passchendaele. Their reputation for being exceptional troops soon preceded them – often the Canadians' mere presence on the front lines would cause the Germans to believe an Allied offensive was imminent.

Before their assault at Amiens, some men of the Canadian Corps were sent to Ypres, Belgium, in an effort to make the Germans think a major attack was coming there. In secret, the Canadians instead massed at Amiens, where they would be at the vanguard of a great Allied offensive that saw them advance more than 20 kilometers in four days of fighting. Eight Canadians were awarded the Victoria Cross for their bravery in the battle.

German morale plummeted following the Allied victory, with the German high commander General Erich von Ludendorff calling August 8 "the black day of the German army."

In 2018, the Government of Canada will mark the 65th anniversary of the Korean War Armistice, the 10th anniversary of National Peacekeepers' Day and the 100th anniversary of Canada’s Hundred Days and the Armistice—milestones on the road to peace and freedom we continue to walk today.

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