The Beginning of Truce Talks and the Formation of the
1st Commonwealth Division

During the summer of 1951 two significant events took place. Early in July, at Communist request, cease-fire negotiations were begun. The truce talks ran into difficulties at the outset and the suspicion prevailed that the Communists never intended them to produce an early peace, but were using them to gain military advantage. Like the war itself, the talks would drag on for the next two years.

Also in July came the announcement that the 25th Canadian Brigade would join the newly-formed 1st Commonwealth Division under the command of Major-General J.H. Cassells. Upon its formation the division, under the operational control of the 1st US Corps, held a sector of the Kansas line extending 10,000 metres westward from the Imjin-Hantan junction. The main enemy positions were 5,000 to 7,500 metres north of the Imjin.

As noted earlier, enemy activity in this area threatened the supply route to Chorwon. Therefore, the next months saw the 1st Commonwealth Division involved in deep patrolling into the salient, followed by the actual occupation of the area in Operations Minden and Commando.

From June 28 to early September 1951 the 25th Brigade was in reserve, during which time it was assigned a number of tasks. In mid-August a battalion size patrol was carried out by the RCR. Later in the month the PPCLI and the Royal 22e Régiment encountered only light resistance as they established firm positions and patrolled as far as Hills 187 and 208.

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