The fighting in Hong Kong brought a tragic toll to Canada: 290 killed, and 493 wounded. Death did not end with surrender. The Canadians were imprisoned in Hong Kong and Japan in the foulest of conditions and had to endure brutal treatment and near-starvation. Many did not survive. In all, more than 550 of the 1,975 Canadians who sailed from Vancouver in October 1941 never returned.

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