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1991 – present

Canadians served in European Community, United Nations and North Atlantic Treaty Organization missions in Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Serbia, Montenegro and Macedonia. These new countries arose from the ashes of the former country of Yugoslavia. As of 1991, tens of thousands of Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) members joined these missions in the Balkans region of southeast Europe. They worked to restore peace and security to the people there.

Classroom materials

Classroom materials main page

Lesson plan: All ages

Humanitarian aid tree

This activity encourages students to develop awareness and an understanding of the difference between needs and wants.



Violence erupts as communist government of Yugoslavia collapses

September 1991

Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) peacekeepers join European Community Monitoring Mission in the Balkans

Early 1992

United Nations Protection Force begin operations in the Balkans

15-16 September 1993

CAF members see heavy action in the Medak Pocket of Croatia

December 1995

North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) launches its Implementation Force in Bosnia-Herzegovina

December 1996

NATO launches its Stabilization Force peace support efforts in Bosnia-Herzegovina


Canadian pilots fly combat missions over Kosovo. Kosovo Force begins its mission there


Last large CAF contingent leaves the Balkans but Canadian peacekeepers remain

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