Rwanda

1993 – 1996

Canada played an important role in United Nations (UN) peacekeeping missions in the African nation of Rwanda from 1993 to 1996. Juvénal Habyarimana, the Hutu president of Rwanda, was assassinated on 6 April 1994. Hutu extremists retaliated with a nightmare of violence. Over the next 100 days, more than 800,000 Tutsis and moderate Hutus died. This was one of the worst genocides of the 20th century. UN peacekeepers were unable to stop the worst of the violence. Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) members tried to restore order. They delivered needed humanitarian aid and other help. Hundreds of CAF members returned from Rwanda affected by the horrors they had seen.


Classroom materials

Classroom materials main page

Lesson plan: All ages

Peace and Freedom WebQuest

Think about your classroom and what each of you need to do to keep your classroom peaceful.

Lesson plan: All ages

Peacekeeping - Internet Scavenger Hunt

You may wonder what you can do to help make Canada and the world a peaceful place to live.

Lesson plan: All ages

Humanitarian aid tree

This activity encourages students to develop awareness and an understanding of the difference between needs and wants.


ORDER OF EVENTS

October 1990 - August 1993

Renewed civil warfare in Rwanda displaces hundreds of thousands of people

4 August 1993

Rwandan government and Rwandan Patriotic Front sign the Arusha Peace Agreement

5 October 1993

United Nations (UN) creates the United Nationals Assistance Mission for Rwanda. Canada's Major-General Roméo Dallaire is its commander

6 April 1994

Rwandan President Juvénal Habyarimana is assassinated

7 April 1994

Rwandan military members and extremist Tutsi and Hutu groups begin a genocide. They kill more than 800,000 Tutsis and moderate Hutus over the next 100 days

May 1994

UN launches renewed peacekeeping effort, called the United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda II (UNAMIR II). Its mission is to try to protect civilians and provide humanitarian aid

July 1994

Worst of genocide ends. New government established in Rwanda, though violence persists

Late July 1994

First large contingent of Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) members deployed to Rwanda for UNAMIR II

August 1994

Canada's Major-General Guy Tousignant assumes UNAMIR II command

15 February 1996

Last UNAMIR II Canadian peacekeepers leave Rwanda

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