History of the Battle of Vimy Ridge
The Vimy Ridge National Historic Site of Canada stands on Hill 145, the highest point of the 14-kilometer long Vimy Ridge.
In the First World War, the Ridge was a highly significant part of the German defence system. Although French troops, in fierce and bloody battles in 1914 and 1915, had pushed the German line eastwards, they failed to take the Ridge, which became strongly fortified. Superb planning and training ensured that the Canadian Corps would achieve its goal.