Language selection




  • Abbink, Harry, and Cindy Abbink. The Military Medal: Canadian Recipients. Calgary: Alison Publishing Co., 1987.
  • Ashton, Martin. The Canadian Medal Rolls: Distinguished Conduct and Military Medal (1939-1945 and 1950-1953). Toronto: The Charlton Press, 1983.
  • Burhans, Robert D. The First Special Service Force, A Canadian/American Wartime Alliance: The Devil's Brigade. Agincourt: Methuen Publications, 1947.
  • Cassidy, G.L. Warpath: The Story of the Algonquin Regiment, 1939-1945. Toronto: The Ryerson Press, 1948.
  • Chaballe, Joseph. Histoire du 22e Bataillon canadien-français, Tome 1, 1914-1919. Montréal: Les éditions Chantecler Ltée, 1952.
  • Corrigall, D.J. The History of the Twentieth Canadian Battalion (Central Ontario Regiment) Canadian Expeditionary Force in the Great War, 1914-1919. Toronto: Stone and Cox Ltd., 1935.
  • Dobbin, Murray. The One-and-a-Half Men. Vancouver: New Star Books, 1981.
  • Dorling, H. Taprell. Ribbons and Medals: Naval, Military, Air Force and Civil. London: George Philip and Son Ltd., 1941.
  • Dowe, Francis S. The Canadian Military Register of Foreign Awards. Ottawa: Francis S. Dowe, 1979.
  • Elias, Peter Douglas. The Dakota of the Canadian Northwest. Winnipeg: The University of Manitoba Press, 1988.
  • Gaffen, Fred. Forgotten Soldiers. Penticton: Theytus Books Ltd., 1985.
  • Granatstein, J.L., and J.M. Hitsman. Broken Promises: A History of Conscription in Canada. Toronto: Oxford University Press, 1977.
  • Harrison, Julia D. Métis: People between Two Worlds. Vancouver, Toronto: Glenbow-Alberta Institute and Douglas and McIntyre, 1985.
  • Jackson, Louis. Our Caughnawagas in Egypt. Ottawa: W. Drysdale and Co., 1885.
  • Jenness, Diamond. The Ojibwa Indians of Parry Island: Their Social and Religious Life. Ottawa: J.O. Patenaude I.S.O., 1935.
  • Kerrigan, Evans. American War Medals and Decorations. New York: The Viking Press, 1971.
  • Lydekker, John Wolfe. The Faithful Mohawks. Port Washington, N.Y.: I.J. Friedman, 1968.
  • Military General Service, 1793-1814 (Canadian Recipients); Egypt Medal, 1882-1889 (Canadian Recipients); North West Canada 1885. London: Spink and Son Ltd., 1975.
  • Morris, Alexander. The Treaties of Canada. Toronto: Belfords Clark and Co., 1971.
  • Mountain Horse, Mike. My People: The Bloods. Calgary: Glenbow-Alberta Institute, 1979.
  • Nicholson, G.W.L. Canadian Expeditionary Force 1914-1919: Official History of the Canadian Army in the First World War. Ottawa: Queen's Printer, 1964.
  • Official History of the Canadian Army in the Second World War, Volume II: The Canadians in Italy, 1939-1945. Ottawa: Queen's Printer, 1956.
  • Reaman, G. Elmore. The Trail of the Iroquois Indians: How the Iroquois Nation Saved Canada for the British Empire. Great Britain: Frederick Muller, 1967.
  • Russell, E.C. Customs and Traditions of the Canadian Armed Forces. Ottawa: Deneau and Greenberg Publishers Ltd., 1980.
  • Saskatchewan Indian Veterans Association. We Were There. Saskatchewan: Federation of Saskatchewan Indian Nations, 1989.
  • Sealey, D. Bruce, and Peter Van de Vyvere. Manitobans in Profile: Thomas George Prince. Winnipeg: Peguis Publishers Ltd., 1981.
  • Stanley, George F.G. In the Face of Danger: The History of the Lake Superior Regiment. Port Arthur: The Lake Superior Scottish Regiment, 1960.
  • Stevens, G.R. Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry, 1919-1957, Volume III. Montréal: Southam Printing Company Ltd., 1958.
  • Stevens, James, ed. Great Leader of the Ojibway: Mis-quona-queb. Toronto: McClelland and Stewart, 1972.
  • Stewart, Charles H. Overseas: The Lineages and Insignia of the Canadian Expeditionary Force, 1914-1919. Toronto: Mission Press, 1970.
  • Thompson, Chief Albert Edward. Chief Peguis and His Descendants. Winnipeg: Peguis Publishers Ltd., 1973.
  • Thorgrimsson, Thor, and E.C. Russell. Canadian Naval Operations in Korean Waters, 1950-1955. Ottawa: Department of National Defence, 1965.
  • De Tremaudan, A.-H. Hold High Your Heads. Winnipeg: Pemmican Publishers, 1982.
  • Weatherbe, K. From the Rideau to the Rhine and Back: The 6th Field Co. and Battalion Canadian Engineers in the Great War. Toronto: The Hunter-Rose Co. Ltd., 1928.
  • Wheeler, Victor W. The 50th Battalion in No Man's Land. Calgary: The Alberta Historical Resources Foundation, 1980.


  • "Canada's Indians in the Wars" [Tommy Prince]. Indian News, 20, 6 (October 1979).
  • "Canada's Indians in the Wars: A Tribute." Tekawennake, November 7, 1980.
  • "Canadian Indians of Today" [Gilbert Monture]. Indian-Eskimo Association (February 1965).
  • "Canadian Indians and World War One." The Tomorrow File, 1, 3 (November 30, 1983).
  • "Cree Boys Contribution Not Recognized." Kahtou, November 21, 1988.
  • Dempsey, James. "The Indians and World War One." Alberta History, 31, 3 (Summer 1983).
  • "Persistence of a Warrior Ethic among the Plains Indians." Alberta History, 36, 1 (Winter 1988).
  • "Dr. Gilbert C. Monture." Tekawennake, May 12, 1971, and February 8, 1978.
  • "The Dreavers of Mistawasis: A Saga of Service." The Saskatchewan Indian (December 1972).
  • "First World War Indian Hero Almost Forgotten" [Henry Norwest]. The Leader-Post [Regina], November 11, 1989.
  • "Forgotten Native Hero Remembered as Best Sniper of First World War" [Henry Norwest]. The Montreal Gazette, November 11, 1990.
  • Johnston, Bill. "First Canadian Nurse Overseas" [Edith Anderson Monture]. The Grand River Sachem , October 19, 1983.
  • Kines, Lindsay. "War Greeted Native with Two Shocks" [Peter Whitecloud]. The Brandon Sun, November 12, 1982.
  • "Oliver Milton Martin." Tekawennake , June 1, 1977.
  • Parenteau, Diane. "Battles, Friendships from War Remembered by Métis Vet." Windspeaker, 7, 36 (November 10, 1989).
  • Porter, McKenzie. "Warrior" [Tommy Prince]. Maclean's (September 1, 1952).
  • Raddall, Thomas H. "Sam Glode: Travels of a Micmac." Cape Breton's Magazine, 35 (January 1984).
  • "Represented War Mothers, Indian Dies" [McLeod family]. Kitchener-Waterloo Record, February 14, 1973.
  • Scott, Duncan Campbell. "The Canadian Indians and the Great World War." Appendix I of Canada in the Great War, Vol. III: Guarding the Channel Ports. Toronto: United Publishers of Canada Ltd., 1919.
  • Stanley, G.F.G. "The Significance of the Six Nations Participation in the War of 1812." Ontario History , LV, 4 (December 1963).
  • "The Six Nations and the American Revolution." Ontario History, LVI, 4 (December 1964).
  • "And to Tomorrow ..." Aboriginal Multi-Media Society of Alberta (AMMSA), 2, 35 (November 9, 1984).
  • "War's Reality Taught Veterans Painful Lessons." Tekawennake, December 12, 1984.
  • "We Remember." Ontario Indian, 3, 11 (November 1980).
  • "World War I—1914-1918." AMMSA, 2, 35 (November 9, 1984).
  • "World War II—1939-1945." AMMSA, 2, 35 (November 9, 1984).
  • Wuttunee, Deanna. "Veterans Association Update" [David Greyeyes]. The Saskatchewan Indian, 10, 11 (November 1980).

Government Documents

  • Canada. Department of Citizenship and Immigration. Annual Report, 1949-1950 to 1953-1954. Ottawa.
  • Department of Indian Affairs. Annual Report, 1913-1914 to 1920-1921. Ottawa.
  • Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development. Basic Departmental Data—1989. Ottawa, 1989.
  • Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development. Population Projections of Registered Indians, 1986-2011. Ottawa, 1989.
  • Department of Mines and Resources. Annual Report, 1939-1940 to 1948-1949. Ottawa.
  • Department of National Defence. Canada's Army in Korea: The United Nations Operations, 1950-1953, and Their Aftermath. Ottawa, 1956.
  • Parliament. House of Commons. Debates, April 28, 1942, and July 23, 1943.

Manuscripts and Other References

  • Dempsey, James. "The Canadian Indians and World War Two." Unpublished research paper, University of Calgary, 1983.
  • "Indians of the Prairie Provinces in World War I." M.A. dissertation, University of Calgary, 1987.
  • Hill, Landon. "Remembrance Day" [poem]. Tekawannake, October 22, 1987.
  • On the Road Again: A Remembrance Day Special. Narr. Wayne Rostad. CBC television. November 12, 1990.
  • Thompson, David-Michael. "Ojibway and Mohawk Voyageurs in the Nile Expedition of 1884-1885." Unpublished research paper for the Native Veterans of Northwestern Ontario, 1990.
  • Woodland Cultural Centre. Research Files [Cameron Brant, Tom Longboat, Oliver Martin]. Brantford.
  • Woodland Indian Cultural Educational Centre. "Indian Hall of Fame" [pamphlet]. Brantford.
  • Warriors: A Resource Guide. Brantford, 1986.

The following sources of information were also consulted:

  • War Diaries, Ships' Logs and Military Service Records, available through the Library and Archives Canada.
  • Library and Archives Canada Record Groups (RG), in particular:
    1. Department of Indian Affairs war files-RG 10, Vols. 3180-3182, file 452; and Vols. 6762-6806; and
    2. Department of Militia and Defence files-RG 24 Vol. 1221, file HQ 593-1-7; Vol. 4383, file 2D, 34-7-109 and Vol. 6566, file 1064-30-34.
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