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The Reconciliation

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  • The Reconciliation

Municipality/Province: Ottawa, ON

Memorial Number: 35059-256

Type: Monument

Address: Sussex Drive and St. Patrick Street

GPS Coordinates: Lat: 45.4289232   Long: -75.6962455

The Peacekeeping Monument was a joint venture between the Department of National Defence and the National Capital Commission. In 1990, the Department of National Defence launched the Peacekeepers Monument competition, managed by a committee consisting of representatives from the Department of National Defence, National Capital Commission, and Public Works Canada. The winning submission was entitled The Reconciliation, though many people know it as the Peacekeeping monument. Reconciliation means that the warring sides have settled their differences peacefully and are ready to get along again.

Members of the winning design team from British Columbia were: Jack Kenneth Harman, sculptor; Richard G. Henriquez, architect and urban designer; and Cornelia H. Oberlander, landscape architect. The team also included Gabriel Design, lighting design, and J.L. Richards and Associates, engineering services, both of Ottawa. V.K. Mason Construction Ltd. built the monument. Their design includes a corridor of concrete and steel debris inside two solid granite walls. The corridor is best viewed from the south-east, where the eye is drawn into the narrow opening by a pattern of floor tiles that was modelled on the Green Line bisecting Nicosia, the capital of Cyprus. The tiles curve around chunks of sawn and drilled concrete littering the corridor floor. 

Artist Jack Harman, created a model out of wood and wax representing members of the Canadian Armed Forces. Harman depicted three uniformed figures in alert, active stances to stress that peacekeeping is dangerous. These three figures were later cast in bronze and stand on top of the walls. Two peacekeepers look into the distance, watching what the soldiers on each side are doing. The third peacekeeper crouches beside a Canadian flag, holding a radio to update headquarters with the situation and ensure people are safe.

Broken-up concrete below the walls represent the destruction caused by wars. The walls rise and form a point to symbolize pointing toward the future, when the war is over and there is peace again. Over to one side of the monument are 12 Oak trees in a circle. The number of trees represents the 10 provinces and two territories that comprised Canada when the monument was created in 1992. Oak trees represent the promise of peace; a grove, symbol of life. Adjacent to the trees is a semi-circular ceremonial space.

The Reconciliation was dedicated on 8 October 1992. This special monument commemorates Canada's role in international peacekeeping and the soldiers, both living and dead, who have participated or are currently participating in peacekeeping operations. Since 1947, Canadian peacekeepers have served overseas in a variety of United Nations peacekeeping and peace support missions. Canada played a leading role in the peacekeeping movement from the outset. Canadian Lester B. Pearson won the 1957 Nobel Peace Prize for his pioneering vision in helping establish a United Nations force during the Suez Crisis of the 1950s. Since then, Canada's commitment to international peace efforts and other overseas military actions has continued.

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Inscription found on memorial

[right side/côté droit]    

  • RECONCILIATION
  • "We need action not only
    to end the fighting but to make peace...
    My own government would be glad
    to recommend Canadian participation
    in such a United Nations force,
    a truly international peace and police force."

    Lester B. Pearson
    November 2, 1956.
  • RÉCONCILIATION
  • « Nous devons agir non seulement
    Afin de mettre fin à la guerre,
    Mais aussi pour rétablir la paix…
    Mon gouvernement serait heureux de
    recommander la participation canadienne
    à une force internationale des Nations Unies »

    Lester B. Pearson
    Le 2 novembre 1956

[left side/côté gauche]

  • IN THE SERVICE
    OF PEACE
  • AU SERVICE
    DE LA PAIX

[inside left wall/mur intérieur gauche]

  • RECONCILIATION

    In 1988, the Nobel Peace Prize 
    was awarded to the United Nations' peacekeepers. 
    This monument, Reconciliation, is a tribute to 
    Canada's commitment to world peace,
    and to all Canadian men and women 
    who have served as peacekeepers.

    Members of Canada's Armed Forces, 
    represented by three figures, stand at 
    the meeting place of two wall of destruction.
    Vigilant, impartial, they oversee 
    the reconciliation of those in conflict.
    Behind them lies the debris of war. Ahead lies 
    the promise peace: a grove, symbol of life.

    Dedicated, October 8, 1992, by 
    His Excellency, the Right Honourable 
    Ramon John Hnatyshyn, 
    Governor General of Canada 
    and the Right Honourable Brian Mulroney, 
    Prime Minister of Canada.
  •  
  • RÉCONCILIATION

    En 1988, le gardiens de la paix des Nations Unies
    reçurrent le prix Nobel de la paix.
    Ce monument, Réconciliation, témoigne de
    l’engagement du Canada à la paix mondiale et
    souligne la contribution de tous les Canadiens et
    Canadiennes qui furent gardiens de la paix.

    Les Forces armées canadiennes, représentées par
    les trois statues, se tiennent à la croisée de
    deux murs en ruines. Vigilants et impartiaux,
    ce gardiens de la paix surveillent la réconciliation
    de ceux qui sont en conflit. Tournant le dos
    à la guerre, ils font face à la promesse  de paix et
    au symbole de la vie, un bosquet sacré.

    Dédié le 8 octobre 1992
    par Son Excellence le très honorable
    Ramon John Hnatyshyn,
    Gouverneur général du Canada.
    et les très honorable Brian Mulroney,
    Premier ministre du Canada.

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