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Facts and Figures Summary

Summary of Program Recipients

Traditional Programs
Program 2017–18 2018–19 2019–20 2020–21
Forecast
Forecasted
Percentage
ChangeFootnote 1
Disability Pensions 108,877 101,451 92,881 89,600 -3.5%
Treatment BenefitsFootnote 2 78,752 78,689 78,220 83,900 7.3%
Veterans Independence Program (VIP) 88,286 85,826 83,855 82,000 -2.2%
War Veterans Allowance 1,895 1,650 1,391 1,300 -6.5%
New Veterans Charter (NVC) Programs
Program 2017–18 2018–19 2019–20 2020–21
Forecast
Forecasted
Percentage
ChangeFootnote 1
Disability AwardsFootnote 3 69,694 76,829 n/aFootnote 3 90 n/aFootnote 3
Rehabilitation & New Veterans Charter (NVC) Support Services 13,233 13,749 14,199 14,800 4.2%
Earnings Loss 14,870 17,534 n/aFootnote 4 n/aFootnote 4 n/aFootnote 4
Career Impact Allowance (CIA) 7,801 12,805 n/aFootnote 5 n/aFootnote 5 n/aFootnote 5
Canadian Forces Income Support 78 86 95 130 36.8%
Supplementary Retirement BenefitFootnote 6Footnote 7 79 151 10,333 210 -98.0%
Career Transition Services/Grant 741 n/aFootnote 8 n/aFootnote 8 n/aFootnote 8 n/aFootnote 8
Retirement Income Security Benefit (RISB) 124 183 n/aFootnote 6 n/aFootnote 6 n/aFootnote 6
Critical Injury Benefit 16 16 9 14 55.6%
Family Caregiver Relief Benefit (FCRB) 363 n/aFootnote 9 n/aFootnote 9 n/aFootnote 9 n/aFootnote 9
Caregiver Recognition Benefit n/a 661 756 1190 57.4%
Education and Training Benefit n/a 1,072 1,700 2,650 55.9%
Veteran and Family Well-Being FundFootnote 10 n/a 21 32 n/aFootnote 11 n/aFootnote 11
Veteran Emergency Fund n/a 686 865 n/aFootnote 12 n/aFootnote 12
Pain and Suffering Compensation n/a n/a 82,367 88,800 7.8%
Additional Pain and Suffering Compensation n/a n/a 14,223 20,040 40.9%
Income Replacement Benefit n/a n/a 21,729 25,260 16.3%

Note: The following programs came into effect April 1, 2018: Education and Training Benefit; Veteran and Family Well-Being Fund; Caregiver Recognition Benefit; and Veteran Emergency Fund. The following programs came into effect April 1, 2019: Pain and Suffering Compensation; Additional Pain and Suffering Compensation; and Income Replacement Benefit.

Summary of Program Expenditures

Traditional Programs
Program (in $ millions) 2017–18 2018–19 2019–20 2020–21
ForecastFootnote 13
Forecasted
Percentage
ChangeFootnote 14
Disability Pensions $1,261.2 $1,215.9 $1,227.0 $1,147.8 -6.5%
Other Health Purchased Services (incl. Treatment Benefits) $583.3 $621.6 $630.2 $772.4 22.6%
Veterans Independence Program $344.6 $342.2 $339.2 $360.8 6.4%
War Veterans Allowance $6.1 $5.7 $4.6 $4.7 1.3%
New Veterans Charter Programs
Program (in $ millions) 2017–18 2018–19 2019–20 2020–21
ForecastFootnote 13
Forecasted
Percentage
ChangeFootnote 14
Disability Awards Footnote 15 $1,621.4 $1,323.7 $115.6 $4.5 -96.1%
Rehabilitation & New Veterans Charter (NVC) Support Services $43.6 $53.2 $62.1 $91.1 46.6%
Earnings LossFootnote 16 $420.1 $527.7 $13.9 $14.0 0.7%
Career Impact Allowance (CIA)Footnote 17 $123.1 $189.0 n/a $1.0 n/a
Canadian Forces Income Support $1.5 $1.5 $1.9 $2.4 25.7%
Supplementary Retirement BenefitFootnote 16Footnote 18 $0.3 $0.6 $40.6 $1.1 -97.2%
Career Transition Services/GrantFootnote 19 $0.0 $0.0 $0.0 n/aFootnote 20 n/aFootnote 20
Retirement Income Security BenefitFootnote 16 $0.9 $1.6 $0.1 $0.2 169.0%
Critical Injury Benefit $1.2 $0.7 $0.8 $1.2 46.1%
Family Caregiver Relief Benefit $2.8 $0.3 $0.0 n/aFootnote 21 n/aFootnote 21
Caregiver Recognition Benefit n/a $6.6 $9.5 $13.5 41.6%
Education and Training Benefit n/a $12.3 $20.6 $42.4 105.9%
Veteran and Family Well-Being Fund n/a $3.0 $4.8 $3.0 -37.5%
Veteran Emergency Fund n/a $1.2 $1.5 $1.0 -33.2%
Pain and Suffering Compensation n/a n/a $917.0 $1,301.4 41.9%
Additional Pain and Suffering Compensation n/a n/a $119.1 $156.6 31.5%
Income Replacement Benefit n/a n/a $777.5 $854.7 9.9%

Note: The following programs came into effect April 1, 2018: Education and Training Benefit; Veteran and Family Well-Being Fund; Caregiver Recognition Benefit; and Veteran Emergency Fund. The following programs came into effect April 1, 2019: Pain and Suffering Compensation; Additional Pain and Suffering Compensation; and Income Replacement Benefit.

Source: Chief Financial Officer and Corporate Services Branch

Analysis of VAC Facts and Figures

As of March 31, 2020, VAC estimated the total Veteran population in Canada to be 629,300, consisting of 32,100 War Service (WS) Veterans and 597,200 Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) Veterans. Both the WS and CAF Veteran populations are forecasted to decline through the next fiveyears.

Veterans served by VAC account for approximately 19% of the Veteran population in Canada. As of March 31, 2020 VAC served 12,375 (39%) of the WS Veteran population and 106,744 (17%) of the CAF Veteran population. In addition, VAC provided benefits to 37,828 WS survivors, 14,848 CAF survivors, and administers benefits on behalf of 15,306 RCMP members or former members and their survivors.

VAC’s budget fluctuates each year due to the demand-driven nature of its programs which are based on Veterans’ needs and entitlements. In other words, a Veteran who is entitled to a benefit is paid that benefit, whether 10 Veterans come forward or 10,000.

Overall, total VAC clients (Veterans and survivors) increased by 0.5% in 2019-20. It is forecasted that growth in CAF and RCMP Veterans and Survivors will slightly outpace the decline of WS Veterans and Survivors, resulting in an average of 1.0% total VAC client growth over the next 5 years.

Pension For Life

April 1, 2019, Pension for Life (PFL) was introduced. Pension for Life includes three new benefits: Pain and Suffering Compensation; Additional Pain and Suffering Compensation; and Income Replacement Benefit. The Pension for Life Benefits package is intended to meet the following objectives:

  • Providing recognition, income support and better overall stability to Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) members and Veterans who are living with a disability due to a service-related injury and/or illness.
  • Providing a holistic package that reintroduces lifelong monthly pain and suffering payments; implement a new recognition benefit, and consolidate six of seven existing income-related financial benefits.
  • Addressing concerns raised by military and Veteran communities and families by empowering CAF members and Veterans living with a disability, caused by a service-related illness or injury, to choose the form of compensation that works best for them and their families.

VAC’s 2020-21 forecast is slightly higher than 2019-20 actual spending. This increase is primarily attributable to the increased demand for benefits and services, specifically the PFL suite of programs. In addition, it is forecasted that more Veterans will continue to choose the lump sum payment option for the Pain and Suffering Compensation benefit.

Automation of the VAC Facts & Figures

The VAC Facts & Figures is transitioning from its current format to an automated dashboard in 2021. The dashboard will contain automated client data which will be updated on a monthly basis. It will provide access to client figures for each program with drill-down capability by geographical area, province, age, service type, sex, client type and urban/rural breakdown and will link to the following information:

New Programs at VAC: 2018–19

Career Transition Services (CTS)

The Career Transition Services Program supports the transition to post-service life of eligible members, releasing members, Veterans, spouses/common-law partners, and survivors by providing access to services that will assist them in having the knowledge, skills and plan necessary to prepare for and obtain suitable civilian employment. Services are provided directly to clients through a national service provider.

Career Transition Services (CTS): Approved ApplicationsFootnote 22 and Expenditures
Actuals as of March 31, 2020
CTS Approved Applications & Expenditures 2017–18 2018–19 2019-20
CTS Approved ApplicationsFootnote 22 - 1,559 1,236
Expenditures (in $ millions)Footnote 24 $1.7 $1.6 $1.8
Career Transition Services (CTS): Approved Applications and Expenditures
ForecastFootnote 25
CTS Expenditures 2020–21 2021–22 2022–23 2023–24 2024–25
Expenditures (in $ millions)Footnote 24 $2.4 $2.9 $3.5 $4.0 $4.6

Source: Chief Financial Officer and Corporate Services Branch

Education and Training Benefit (ETB)

The Education and Training Benefit provides funding for eligible participants to pursue education and training that will support them in a successful transition from military to post-service life, help them achieve their education and post-military employment goals, and better position them to be more competitive in the civilian workforce.

Education and Training Benefit (ETB): RecipientsFootnote 26 and Expenditures
Actuals as of March 31, 2020
ETB Recipients & Expenditures 2017–18 2018–19 2019-20
Recipients (Veterans) - 1 ,072 1 ,700
Expenditures (in $ millions) - $12.3 $20.6
Education and Training Benefit (ETB): Recipients and Expenditures
ForecastFootnote 27
ETB Recipients & Expenditures 2020–21 2021–22 2022–23 2023–24 2024–25
Recipients (Veterans) 2,650 2,120 2,310 2,480 2,380
Expenditures (in $ millions) $42.4 $34.1 $37.9 $41.5 $40.7

Source: Chief Financial Officer and Corporate Services Branch

Veteran and Family Well-Being Fund

The Veteran and Family Well-Being Fund provides funding to organizations that conduct research, develop or implement innovative programs that improve the well-being of Veterans and their families.

Veteran and Family Well-Being Fund: RecipientsFootnote 28 and Expenditures
Actuals as of March 31, 2020
Veteran and Family Well-Being Fund Recipients & Expenditures 2017–18 2018–19 2019-20
Recipients (Organizations) - 21 32
Expenditures (in $ millions) - $3.0 $4.8
Veteran and Family Well-Being Fund: Expenditures
ForecastFootnote 29
Veteran and Family Well-Being Fund Expenditures 2020–21 2021–22 2022–23 2023–24 2024-25
Expenditures (in $ millions) $3.0 $3.0 $3.0 $3.0 $3.0

Veteran Emergency Fund (VEF)

The Veterans Emergency Fund provides funding to assist Veterans and their families during times of crisis and when facing emergency financial situations that threaten their health and well-being. Financial emergencies could include (but are not limited to) food, clothing, shelter, medical care, and expenses required to maintain safety and shelter.

Veteran Emergency Fund (VEF): RecipientsFootnote 30Footnote 31 and Expenditures
Actuals as of March 31, 2020
Veteran Emergency Fund Recipients & Expenditures 2017–18 2018–19 2019-20
RecipientsFootnote 32 - 686 865
Expenditures (in $ millions) - $1.2 $1.5
Veteran Emergency Fund (VEF) Expenditures
ForecastFootnote 33
Veteran Emergency Fund ExpendituresFootnote 34 2020–21
VEF Expenditures (in $ millions) $1.0

Source: Chief Financial Officer and Corporate Services Branch

Caregiver Recognition Benefit (CRB)

The Caregiver Recognition Benefit formally recognizes the contribution caregivers make to the health and well-being of seriously injured Veterans who require continuous care and supervision, due to their service related physical and/or mental health condition(s). This benefit is paid directly to Veterans’ caregivers.

Caregiver Recognition Benefit Recipients and ExpendituresFootnote 35
Actuals as of March 31, 2020
Caregiver Recognition Benefit (CRB) Recipients & Expenditures 2017–18 2018–19 2019-20
RecipientsFootnote 36 - 661 756
Total Expenditures (in $ millions) - $6.6 $9.5
Caregiver Recognition Benefit Recipients and Expenditures
ForecastFootnote 37
Caregiver Recognition Benefit (CRB) Expenditures 2020–21 2021–22 2022–23 2023–24 2024-25
Recipients 1,190 1,290 1,390 1,490 1,576
Total Expenditures (in $ millions) $13.5 $16.0 $17.6 $19.2 $20.8

Source: Chief Financial Officer and Corporate Services Branch

New Programs at VAC: 2019-20

Pension For Life (PFL)

April 1, 2019, Pension for Life (PFL) was introduced. Pension for Life includes three new benefits: Pain and Suffering Compensation; Additional Pain and Suffering Compensation; and Income Replacement Benefit. The Pension for Life Benefits package is intended to meet the following objectives:

  • Providing recognition, income support and better overall stability to Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) members and Veterans who are living with a disability due to a service-related injury and/or illness.
  • Providing a holistic package that reintroduces lifelong monthly pain and suffering payments; implement a new recognition benefit, and consolidate six of seven existing income-related financial benefits.
  • Addressing concerns raised by military and Veteran communities and families by empowering CAF members and Veterans living with a disability, caused by a service-related illness or injury, to choose the form of compensation that works best for them and their families.
Pain and Suffering Compensation and Death Benefits: Recipients and Expenditures
Actuals as of March 31, 2020
Pain and Suffering Compensation
and Death Benefits Recipients
2017–18 2018–19 2019-20
Veterans - - 79,771
Survivors - - 2,009
Subtotal - - 81,780
Death Benefit Recipients - - 587
Total Recipients - - 82,367
Pain and Suffering Compensation and Death Benefits: Expenditures
Actuals as of March 31, 2020
Pain and Suffering Compensation and
Death Benefits Expenditures (in $ millions)
2017–18 2018–19 2019-20
Pain and Suffering Compensation - - $904.5
Death Benefits - - $12.4
Total ExpendituresFootnote 38 - - $917.0
Pain and Suffering Compensation: Recipients
ForecastFootnote 39
Pain and Suffering Compensation
and Death Benfits Recipients
2020–21 2021–22 2022–23 2023–24 2024-25
Veterans 85,800 91,000 96,000 100,800 107,500
Survivors 2,210 2,420 2,630 2,830 4,300
Subtotal 88,010 93,420 98,630 103,630 111,800
Death Benefits 790 880 970 1,070 1,200
Total Recipients 88,800 94,300 99,600 104,700 113,000

Source: Chief Financial Officer and Corporate Services Branch

Pain and Suffering Compensation: Expenditures
ForecastFootnote 39
Pain and Suffering Compensation
and Death Benefits Expenditures (in $ millions)
2020–21 2021–22 2022–23 2023–24 2024-25
Pain and Suffering Compensation $1,281.5 $1,456.7 $1,643.4 $1,810.1 $2,026.0
Death Benefits $19.9 $21.3 $22.7 $24.1 $19.0
Total ExpendituresFootnote 38 $1,301.4 $1,478.0 $1,666.1 $1,834.2 $2,045.0

Source: Chief Financial Officer and Corporate Services Branch

Additional Pain and Suffering Compensation: Recipients and Expenditures and Expenditures
Actuals as of March 31, 2020
Additional Pain and Suffering Compensation 2017–18 2018–19 2019-20
Recipients (Veterans) - - 14,223
Expenditures (in $ millions) - - $119.1
Additional Pain and Suffering Compensation: Recipients and Expenditures
ForecastFootnote 40
Additional Pain and Suffering Compensation 2020–21 2021–22 2022–23 2023–24 2024-25
Recipients (Veterans) 20,040 23,270 26,510 29,740 32,980
Expenditures $156.6 $182.0 $208.5 $236.0 $264.5

Source: Chief Financial Officer and Corporate Services Branch

Income Replacement Benefit: Recipients and Expenditures
Actuals as of March 31, 2020
Income Replacement Benefit 2017–18 2018–19 2019-20
TemporaryFootnote 41 - - 10,617
PermanentFootnote 42 - - 11,112
Total: Recipients (Temporary and Permanent) - - 21,729
Expenditures (in $ millions) - - $777.5

Source: Chief Financial Officer and Corporate Services Branch

Income Replacement Benefit: Recipients and Expenditures
Forecast Footnote 40
Income Replacement Benefit 2020–21 2021–22 2022–23 2023–24 2024-25
TemporaryFootnote 41 10,200 10,600 11,000 11,300 11,600
PermanentFootnote 42 15,060 17,310 19,570 21,960 24,360
Total: Recipients (Temporary and Permanent) 25,260 27,910 30,570 33,260 35,960
Expenditures (in $ millions) $854.7 $932.7 $1,011.9 $1,096.3 $1,196.6

Source: Chief Financial Officer and Corporate Services Branch

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