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Facts and Figures Summary

December 2021 Edition

Summary of Program Recipients

Traditional Programs

Program 2018–19 2019–20 2020–21 2021–22
Forecast
Forecasted
Percentage
ChangeFootnote 1
Disability Pensions 101,451 92,881 87,554 82,900 -5.3%
Treatment BenefitsFootnote 2 78,689 78,220 74,730 84,000 12.4%
Veterans Independence Program (VIP) 85,826 83,855 81,709 88,000 7.7%
War Veterans Allowance 1,650 1,391 1,174 1,030 -12.3%

New Veterans Charter (NVC) Programs

Program 2018–19 2019–20 2021–21 2021–22
Forecast
Forecasted
Percentage
ChangeFootnote 1
Disability AwardsFootnote 3 76,829 n/aFootnote 3 n/aFootnote 3 n/aFootnote 3 n/aFootnote 3
Pain and Suffering Compensation n/a 82,367 88,744 98,000 10.4%
Additional Pain and Suffering Compensation n/a 14,223 18,326 21,300 16.2%
Rehabilitation & New Veterans Charter (NVC) Support Services 13,749 14,199 14,377 14,470 0.6%
Earnings Loss 17,534 n/aFootnote 4 n/aFootnote 4 n/aFootnote 4 n/aFootnote 4
Income Replacement Benefit n/a 21,729 24,420 26,900 10.2%
Career Impact Allowance (CIA) 12,805 n/aFootnote 4 n/aFootnote 4 n/aFootnote 4 n/aFootnote 4
Canadian Forces Income Support 86 95 106 120 13.2%
Supplementary Retirement BenefitFootnote 4Footnote 5 151 10,333 181 230 27.1%
Retirement Income Security Benefit (RISB) 183 n/aFootnote 4 n/aFootnote 4 n/aFootnote 4 n/aFootnote 4
Critical Injury Benefit 9 11 18 21 16.7%
Caregiver Recognition Benefit 661 756 852 1,030 20.9%
Education and Training Benefit 1,072 1,700 1,933 2,280 18.0%
Veteran and Family Well-Being FundFootnote 6 21 32 22 n/aFootnote 7 n/aFootnote 7
Veteran Emergency Fund 686 865 620 n/aFootnote 8 n/aFootnote 8

Note: the following programs came into effect April 1, 2018: Education and Training Benefit; Veteran and Family Well-Being Fund; Caregiver Recognition Benefit; and Veteran Emergency Fund. The following programs came into effect April 1, 2019: Pain and Suffering Compensation; Additional Pain and Suffering Compensation; and Income Replacement Benefit.

Source: Chief Financial Officer and Corporate Services Branch

Summary of Program Expenditures

Traditional Programs

Program (in $ millions) 2018–19 2019–20 2020–21 2021–22
ForecastFootnote 9
Forecasted
Percentage
Change
Footnote 10Footnote 11
Disability Pensions $1,216.5 $1,227.6 $1,125.5 $1,112.7 -1.1%
Other Health Purchased Services (incl. Treatment Benefits) $621.6 $630.2 $627.6 $767.8 22.3%
Veterans Independence Program $342.2 $339.2 $339.1 $350.3 3.3%
War Veterans Allowance $5.7 $4.6 $3.9 $3.5 -10.3%

New Veterans Charter Programs

Program (in $ millions) 2018–19 2019–20 2020–21 2021–22
ForecastFootnote 9
Forecasted
Percentage
Change
Footnote 10Footnote 11
Disability Awards Footnote 12 $1,323.7 $115.6 $3.0 $2.4 -21.0%
Pain and Suffering Compensation n/a $917.0 $1,085.5 $1,583.7 45.9%
Additional Pain and Suffering Compensation n/a $119.1 $154.1 $177.7 15.3%
Rehabilitation & New Veterans Charter (NVC) Support Services $53.2 $62.1 $65.5 $92.5 41.2%
Earnings LossFootnote 13Footnote 15 $527.7 $13.9 $7.0 $50.3 623.1%
Income Replacement Benefit n/a $777.5 $868.4 $1,014.7 16.8%
Career Impact Allowance (CIA)Footnote 14 $189.0 $0.0 $0.1 $0.0 n/a
Canadian Forces Income Support $1.5 $1.9 $2.1 $2.4 16.2%
Supplementary Retirement BenefitFootnote 13Footnote 5 $0.6 $40.6 $0.9 $2.0 117.7%
Retirement Income Security BenefitFootnote 13 $1.6 $0.1 $0.0 $0.1 278.1%
Critical Injury Benefit $0.7 $0.8 $1.4 $1.7 23.7%
Caregiver Recognition Benefit $6.6 $9.5 $10.6 $14.1 33.3%
Education and Training Benefit $12.3 $20.6 $23.4 $28.2 20.4%
Veteran and Family Well-Being Fund $3.0 $4.8 $7.0 $7.0 0.0%
Veteran Emergency Fund $1.2 $1.5 $1.5 $1.5 3.2%

Note: the following programs came into effect April 1, 2018: Education and Training Benefit; Veteran and Family Well-Being Fund; Caregiver Recognition Benefit; and Veteran Emergency Fund. The following programs came into effect April 1, 2019: Pain and Suffering Compensation; Additional Pain and Suffering Compensation; and Income Replacement Benefit.

Source: Chief Financial Officer and Corporate Services Branch

Analysis of VAC Facts and Figures

As of March 31, 2021, VAC estimated the total Veteran population in Canada to be 617,800, consisting of 25,500 War Service (WS) Veterans and 592,300 Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) Veterans. Both the WS and CAF Veteran populations are forecasted to decline through the next five years.

Veterans served by VAC account for approximately 19% of the Veteran population in Canada. As of March 31, 2021 VAC served 8,026 (31%) of the WS Veteran population and 112,252 (19%) of the CAF Veteran population. In addition, VAC provided benefits to 34,398 WS survivors, 15,729 CAF survivors, and administers benefits on behalf of 17,957 RCMP members or former members and their survivors.

VAC’s budget fluctuates each year due to the demand-driven nature of its programs which are based on Veterans’ needs and entitlements. In other words, a Veteran who is entitled to a benefit is paid that benefit, whether 10 Veterans come forward or 10,000.

Overall, total VAC clients (Veterans and survivors) increased by 0.7% in 2020-21. It is forecasted that growth in CAF and RCMP Veterans and Survivors will slightly outpace the decline of WS Veterans and Survivors, resulting in an average of 2.8% total VAC client growth over the next 5 years.

Pension For Life

April 1, 2019, Pension for Life (PFL) was introduced. Pension for Life includes three new benefits: Pain and Suffering Compensation; Additional Pain and Suffering Compensation; and Income Replacement Benefit. The Pension for Life Benefits package is intended to meet the following objectives:

  • Providing recognition, income support and better overall stability to Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) members and Veterans who are living with a disability due to a service-related injury and/or illness.
  • Providing a holistic package that reintroduces lifelong monthly pain and suffering payments; implement a new recognition benefit, and consolidate six of seven existing income-related financial benefits.
  • Addressing concerns raised by military and Veteran communities and families by empowering CAF members and Veterans living with a disability, caused by a service-related illness or injury, to choose the form of compensation that works best for them and their families.

VAC’s actual spending for 2020-21 was lower than planned due mainly to the demand for certain programs being less than originally forecasted as well as the impacts of the pandemic.

Retired Programs

The former Career Transition Services Program was discontinued as of April 1, 2018 and replaced by the new Career Transition Services Program.

The Family Caregiver Relief Benefit was discontinued as of April 1, 2018 and replaced by the Caregiver Recognition Benefit.

Automation of the VAC Facts & Figures

The VAC Facts & Figures is transitioning from its current format to an automated dashboard in 2021. The dashboard will contain automated client data which will be updated on a monthly basis. It will provide access to client figures for each program with drill-down capability by geographical area, province, age, service type, sex, client type and urban/rural breakdown and will link to the following information:

New Programs at VAC: 2018–19

Career Transition Services (CTS)

The Career Transition Services Program supports the transition to post-service life of eligible members, releasing members, Veterans, spouses/common-law partners, and survivors by providing access to services that will assist them in having the knowledge, skills and plan necessary to prepare for and obtain suitable civilian employment. Services are provided directly to clients through a national service provider.

Career Transition Services (CTS): Approved Applications and Expenditures

CTS Approved Applications & Expenditures Actuals as of March 31, 2021 YTD
Dec 2021
2018–19 2019–20 2020–21
CTS Approved ApplicationsFootnote 16Footnote 17 1,559 1,236 1,018 853
Expenditures (in $ millions)Footnote 18 $1.6 $1.8 $2.3 $1.6
CTS Expenditures ForecastFootnote 19
2021–22 2022–23 2023–24 2024–25 2025–26
Expenditures (in $ millions)Footnote 18 $2.5 $2.7 $2.8 $2.9 $3.1

Source: Chief Financial Officer and Corporate Services Branch

Education and Training Benefit (ETB)

The Education and Training Benefit provides funding for eligible participants to pursue education and training that will support them in a successful transition from military to post-service life, help them achieve their education and post-military employment goals, and better position them to be more competitive in the civilian workforce.

Education and Training Benefit (ETB): RecipientsFootnote 20 and Expenditures

ETB Recipients & Expenditures Actuals as of March 31, 2021 YTD
Dec 2021
2018–19 2019–20 2020–21
Recipients (Veterans) 1,072 1,700 1,933 1,856
Expenditures (in $ millions) $12.3 $20.6 $23.4 $18.8
ETB Recipients & Expenditures ForecastFootnote 21
2021–22 2022–23 2023–24 2024–25 2025–26
Recipients (Veterans) 2,280 2,450 2,460 2,470 2,490
Expenditures (in $ millions) $28.2 $31.4 $32.0 $32.8 $33.8

Source: Chief Financial Officer and Corporate Services Branch

Veteran and Family Well-Being Fund

The Veteran and Family Well-Being Fund provides funding to organizations that conduct research, develop or implement innovative programs that improve the well-being of Veterans and their families.

Veteran and Family Well-Being Fund: RecipientsFootnote 22 and Expenditures

Veteran and Family Well-Being Fund Recipients & Expenditures Actuals as of March 31, 2021 YTD
Dec 2021
2018–19 2019–20 2020–21
Recipients (Organizations)Footnote 23 21 32 22 27
Expenditures (in $ millions) $3.0 $4.8 $7.0 $2.1
Veteran and Family Well-Being Fund Expenditures ForecastFootnote 24
2021–22 2022–23 2023–24 2024–25 2025–26
Expenditures (in $ millions) $7.0 $7.0 $7.0 $3.0 $3.0

Source: Strategic Policy and Commemoration (Actuals and Forecast)

Veteran Emergency Fund (VEF)

The Veterans Emergency Fund provides funding to assist Veterans and their families during times of crisis and when facing emergency financial situations that threaten their health and well-being. Financial emergencies could include (but are not limited to) food, clothing, shelter, medical care, and expenses required to maintain safety and shelter.

Veteran Emergency Fund (VEF): RecipientsFootnote 25Footnote 26 and Expenditures

Veteran and Family Well-Being Fund Recipients & Expenditures Actuals as of March 31, 2021 YTD
Dec 2021
2018–19 2018–19 2020–21
RecipientsFootnote 27 686 865 620 440
Expenditures (in $ millions) $1.2 $1.5 $1.5 $1.0
Veteran Emergency Fund Expenditures ForecastFootnote 28
2021–22 2022–23 2023–24 2024–25 2025–26
Expenditures (in $ millions) $1.5 $1.0 $1.0 $1.0 $1.0

Source: Chief Financial Officer and Corporate Services Branch

Caregiver Recognition Benefit (CRB)

The Caregiver Recognition Benefit formally recognizes the contribution caregivers make to the health and well-being of seriously injured Veterans who require continuous care and supervision, due to their service related physical and/or mental health condition(s). This benefit is paid directly to Veterans’ caregivers.

Caregiver Recognition Benefit (CRB): RecipientsFootnote 29 and Expenditures

Caregiver Recognition Benefit (CRB) Recipients & Expenditures Actuals as of March 31, 2021 YTD
Dec 2021
2018–19 2019–20 2020–21
RecipientsFootnote 30 661 756 852 1,014
Total Expenditures (in $ millions) $6.6 $9.5 $10.6 $9.5
Caregiver Recognition Benefit (CRB) Recipients & Expenditures ForecastFootnote 31
2021–22 2022–23 2023–24 2024–25 2025–26
Recipients 1,030 1,250 1,510 1,830 2,210
Total Expenditures (in $ millions) $14.1 $17.4 $21.6 $26.6 $32.9

Source: Chief Financial Officer and Corporate Services Branch

Pension For Life (PFL)

April 1, 2019, Pension for Life (PFL) was introduced. Pension for Life includes three new benefits: Pain and Suffering Compensation; Additional Pain and Suffering Compensation; and Income Replacement Benefit. The Pension for Life Benefits package is intended to meet the following objectives:

  • Providing recognition, income support and better overall stability to Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) members and Veterans who are living with a disability due to a service-related injury and/or illness.
  • Providing a holistic package that reintroduces lifelong monthly pain and suffering payments; implement a new recognition benefit, and consolidate six of seven existing income-related financial benefits.
  • Addressing concerns raised by military and Veteran communities and families by empowering CAF members and Veterans living with a disability, caused by a service-related illness or injury, to choose the form of compensation that works best for them and their families.

Pain and Suffering Compensation and Death Benefits: Recipients and Expenditures

Pain and Suffering Compensation
and Death Benefits Recipients
Actuals as of March 31, 2021 YTD
Dec 2021
2018–19Footnote 32 2019–20 2020–21
Veterans - 79,771 85,176 92,960
Survivors - 2,009 2,819 3,187
Subtotal - 81,780 87,995 96,147
Death Benefit Recipients - 587 749 798
Total Recipients - 82,367 88,744 96,945
Pain and Suffering Compensation and
Death Benefits Expenditures (in $ millions)
Actuals as of March 31, 2021 YTD
Dec 2021
2018–19Footnote 32 2019–20 2020–21
Pain and Suffering Compensation - $904.5 $1,063.6 $1,148.6
Death BenefitsFootnote 33 - $12.4 $21.9 -
Total ExpendituresFootnote 34 - $917.0 $1,085.5 $1,148.6
Pain and Suffering Compensation
and Death Benfits Recipients
ForecastFootnote 35
2021–22 2022–23 2023–24 2024–25 2025–26
Veterans 93,400 99,500 104,900 110,000 114,900
Survivors 3,700 4,200 4,800 5,400 6,000
Subtotal 97,100 103,700 109,700 115,400 120,900
Death Benefits Recipients 900 1,000 1,100 1,200 1,300
Total Recipients 98,000 104,700 110,800 116,600 122,200
Pain and Suffering Compensation
and Death Benefits Expenditures (in $ millions)
ForecastFootnote 35
2021–22 2022–23 2023–24 2024–25 2025–26
Pain and Suffering Compensation $1,558.9 $1,293.1 $1,222.7 $1,258.8 $1,294.9
Death Benefits $24.8 $20.2 $18.7 $19.1 $19.5
Total ExpendituresFootnote 32 $1,583.7 $1,313.3 $1,241.4 $1,278.0 $1,314.5

Source: Chief Financial Officer and Corporate Services Branch

Additional Pain and Suffering Compensation: Recipients and Expenditures

Additional Pain and Suffering Compensation Actuals as of March 31, 2021 YTD
Dec 2021
2018–19Footnote 36 2019–20 2020–21
Recipients (Veterans) - 14,223 18,326 21,009
Expenditures (in $ millions) - $119.1 $154.1 $131.0
Additional Pain and Suffering Compensation ForecastFootnote 37
2021–22 2022–23 2023–24 2024–25 2025–26
Recipients (Veterans) 21,300 24,300 27,300 30,300 33,300
Expenditures (in $ millions) $177.7 $202.8 $229.2 $256.7 $285.5

Source: Chief Financial Officer and Corporate Services Branch

Income Replacement Benefit: Recipients and Expenditures

Income Replacement Benefit (IRB) Actuals as of March 31, 2021 YTD
Dec 2021
2018–19Footnote 38 2019–20 2020–21
IRB Recipients < 65 years of age
Veterans - 20,247 22,551 23,857
Survivors/Orphans - 578 659 678
IRB Recipients > 65 years of age
Veterans - 623 970 1,273
Survivors - 21 20 38
Career Impact Allowance Supplement (CIAS) ProtectedFootnote 39
CIAS Protected - 260 220 210
Total: Recipients - 21,729 24,420 26,056
Expenditures (in $ millions) - $777.5 $868.4 $740.6
Income Replacement Benefit (IRB) ForecastFootnote 40
2021–22 2022–23 2023–24 2024–25 2025–26
IRB Recipients < 65 years of age
Veterans 24,600 26,700 28,800 31,000 33,100
Survivors/Orphans 750 900 1,030 1,160 1,300
IRB Recipients > 65 years of age
Veterans 1,300 1,660 2,080 2,520 3,020
Survivors 30 30 40 60 60
Career Impact Allowance Supplement (CIAS) ProtectedFootnote 39
CIAS Protected 220 210 210 200 200
Total: Recipients 26,900 29,500 32,160 34,940 37,680
Expenditures (in $ millions) $1,014.7 $1,123.5 $1,239.5 $1,363.1 $1,493.0

Source: Chief Financial Officer and Corporate Services Branch

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