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Canadian Virtual War Memorial

Ernest Alfred Reynolds

In memory of:

Lieutenant Ernest Alfred Reynolds

October 3, 1916

Military Service


Force:

Army

Unit:

Canadian Infantry (Central Ontario Regiment)

Division:

4th Bn.

Additional Information


Commemorated on Page 153 of the First World War Book of Remembrance. Request a copy of this page.

Burial Information


Cemetery:

VIMY MEMORIAL
Pas de Calais, France

Grave Reference:

N/A

Location:

Canada's most impressive tribute overseas to those Canadians who fought and gave their lives in the First World War is the majestic and inspiring Vimy Memorial, which overlooks the Douai Plain from the highest point of Vimy Ridge, about eight kilometres northeast of Arras on the N17 towards Lens. The Memorial is signposted from this road to the left, just before you enter the village of Vimy from the south. The memorial itself is someway inside the memorial park, but again it is well signposted. At the base of the memorial, these words appear in French and in English:

TO THE VALOUR OF THEIR COUNTRYMEN IN THE GREAT WAR AND IN MEMORY OF THEIR SIXTY THOUSAND DEAD THIS MONUMENT IS RAISED BY THE PEOPLE OF CANADA


Inscribed on the ramparts of the Vimy Memorial are the names of over 11,000 Canadian soldiers who were posted as 'missing, presumed dead' in France. A plaque at the entrance to the memorial states that the land for the battlefield park, 91.18 hectares in extent, was 'the free gift in perpetuity of the French nation to the people of Canada'. Construction of the massive work began in 1925, and 11 years later, on July 26, 1936, the monument was unveiled by King Edward VIII. The park surrounding the Vimy Memorial was created by horticultural experts. Canadian trees and shrubs were planted in great masses to resemble the woods and forests of Canada. Wooded parklands surround the grassy slopes of the approaches around the Vimy Memorial. Trenches and tunnels have been restored and preserved and the visitor can picture the magnitude of the task that faced the Canadian Corps on that distant dawn when history was made. On April 3, 2003, the Government of Canada designated April 9th of each year as a national day of remembrance of the Battle of Vimy Ridge.

Information courtesy of the Commonwealth War Graves Commission.

Digital Collection

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  • Death Registry– Circumstance of Death file for Lieutenant Ernest Alfred Reynolds reporting his death on October 8, 1916 during the attack on the German trenches at Courcelette, France. You will note the Date of Casualty is reported as October 3, 1916 but the text says October 8, 1916. The War Diary of the 4th Canadian Infantry Battalion confirms that the 4th Battalion was at Courcelette on October 8, 1916 but in their billets at Contay, France on October 3, 1916. A correction notice has been sent to the Commonwealth War Graves Commission.
  • Document– Lieutenant Reynolds was killed in action (along with Lieutenant Francis Beers also of the 4th Bn.) during the Battle of Ancre Heights in the attack on Regina Trench on October 8, 1916. At that time, the 4th Battalion was attempting to place a block in the trench to prevent the enemy from moving back down the area of the trench that the Canadians had captured. There are only 2 Lieutenants of the 4th Battalion on the Vimy Memorial that were killed that day and have no known grave. We now know that one of those 2 Lieutenants is buried in Adanac Military Cemetery in Plot 5 Row C Grave 28.
  • Document– The precise area where the 4th Canadian Infantry Battalion was located on October 8, 1916 is shown on a Trench Map Extract of the area from 1916. The block was being place at an area marked on Map 57c in Sector M Sub-sector b and at the grid coordinates 6.5 and 8.0. Each Sector (i.e. M) is 1,000 yards by 1,000 yards and each sub-sector (i.e. a, b, c d) are 500 yards by 500 yards. Each grid mark (10 marks per sub-sector) is 50 yards. The body would have been exhumed in the vicinity of 57c M14 b.45.25 along with the remains of Major A. J. Snaddon, also 4th Battalion KIA 8 October 1916.
  • Inscription– His name as it is inscribed on the Vimy Memorial (2010). Over 11,000 fallen Canadians having no known place of burial in France, are honoured on this Memorial. May they never be forgotten. (J. Stephens)
  • Vimy Memorial– Canada's Vimy Memorial, located approximately 8 kilometres to the north-east of Arras, France. May the sacrifice of so many never be forgotten. (J. Stephens)

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