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Canadian Virtual War Memorial

John Bernard Croak

In memory of:

Private John Bernard Croak

August 8, 1918

Military Service

Service Number:







Canadian Infantry (Quebec Regiment)


13th Bn.


An extract from The London Gazette," No. 30922, dated September 24, 1918, records the following:
For most conspicuous bravery in attack when having become separated from his section he encountered a machine gun nest, which he bombed and silenced, taking the gun and crew prisoners. Shortly afterwards he was severely wounded, but refused to desist. Having rejoined his platoon, a very strong point, containing several machine guns, was encountered. Private Croak, however, seeing an opportunity, dashed forward alone and was almost immediately followed by the remainder of the platoon in a brilliant charge. He was the first to arrive at the trench line, into which he led his men, capturing three machine guns and bayonetting or capturing the entire garrison. The perseverance and valour of this gallant soldier,who was again severely wounded, and died of his wounds, were an inspiring example to all.

Honours and Awards:

Victoria Cross

Additional Information


May 18, 1892
Little Bay, Newfoundland and Labrador


August 7, 1915
Sussex, New Brunswick

Son of James and Cecelia Croak, of New Aberdeen, Cape Breton, Nova Scotia.

Commemorated on Page 32 of the Newfoundland Book of Remembrance. Request a copy of this page.

John Bernard Croak is a recipient of the Victoria Cross.
Complete list of Canadian Victoria Cross Recipients

Burial Information

Grave Reference:

Plot I, Row A, Grave 9


Hangard is a village in the Department of the Somme, in the valley of the Luce, between Domart and Demuin. The road to Villers-Bretonneux goes due North from the village, up a steep hillside. After a mile it passes between the two portions of Hangard Wood, and HANGARD WOOD BRITISH CEMETERY will be found at this point, on the side of the road.

Information courtesy of the Commonwealth War Graves Commission.

Digital Collection

Send us your images
  • Picture of John Bernard Croak
  • Military Will– In the event of my death I give the whole of my property and effects to my mother Mrs. James Croak of Cape Breton, Nova Scotia, Canada.
  • Document– This document explains how John received the Victoria Cross and explains the details of his death.
  • Statement of Service belonging to John Bernard Croak
  • Victoria Cross– "Victoria Cross"
For most conspicuous bravery or some daring or pre-eminent act of  valour or self-sacrifice or extreme devotion to duty in the presence of the enemy.
  • Royal Canadian Legion
  • John Bernard Croak Victoria Cross Memorial School
  • Memorial Plaque
  • Circumstances of death registers– Source: Library and Archives Canada. CIRCUMSTANCES OF DEATH REGISTERS, FIRST WORLD WAR Surnames: CRABB TO CROSSLAND Microform Sequence 24; Volume Number 31829_B016733. Reference RG150, 1992-93/314, 168. Page 565 of 788.
  • Cenotaph– Barrie Military Park, Canadian Victoria Cross Recipients, Cenotaph
  • Cemetery
  • Graveyard– Cemetery Panoramic
  • Grave Marker– grave site
  • Grave Marker

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